Determining the Homophobia Level of Individuals in Different Countries: A Case Study of Community in Turkey, Nigeria, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal

Authors

  • Metin Yıldız Department of Nursing, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University School of Health, Agri, Turkey, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0122-5677 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0122-5677
  • Abraham Tanimowo Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4089-4729
  • Muhammad Tayyeb College of Medical Technology, Medical Teaching institutions, Bacha Khan medical college, BKMC mardan, Pakistan, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6282-1133 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6282-1133
  • Mehmet Salih YILDIRIM Vocational School of Health Services, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University School of Health, Agri, Turkey, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2632-4583 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2632-4583
  • Yakup Sarpdağı Ataturk University, Turkey, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1608-649X https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1608-649X
  • Muhammet Ali AYDIN Faculty of Health Sciences, Ataturk University, Turkey, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2137-5114 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2137-5114
  • Ram Bahadur Khadka Nepal Province Bagmati Tribhuvan University, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9469-5389 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9469-5389
  • Apurba Gohain Assam University Silchar, Assam, India, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4833-5251 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4833-5251
  • Anis Uddin L.L.B (Hon’s) at Southern University Bangladesh, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7350-6390
  • Sweta Majumder Youth Leader&Social activist Pursuıg MSW/ India, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6966-5949
  • Urushi Maggoon Univesidad Autonoma Ciudad Juarez Mexıcan, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8097-1517 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4833-5251
  • Güray OKYAR Department of Nursing, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University School of Health, Agri, Turkey, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9618-9279

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46328/aejog.v3i2.64

Keywords:

Homophobia, Religion, Nationality

Abstract

Objective: To determine the homophobia level of ındividuals in different countries.

Material and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study among 518 individuals of ages 18 years and above living in Turkey (Agri), Nigeria (Ibadan), Pakistan (Charsadda), India (Punjab), Bangladesh (Chittagong) and Nepal (Kathmandu). Using google form they completed a demographic characteristics form and Hudson and Ricketts Homophobia Scale

Results: The homophobia scale total score mean was 92.97 ± 27.47. The total score means the homophobia scale was statistically significantly higher among Nigeria nationality, religious belief Christian, male, health personnel and those who do not have a homosexual acquaintance (p <0.05). A statistically significant relationship was also found between homophobia scale total score mean and age (p <0.05).

Conclusion: Nationality, religion, gender, occupation, age and whether or not one has homosexual acquaintances are key demographic correlates of homophobia level. However, the study recommends that further investigation should be conducted with a larger group for a proper inference of causation to be drawn. 

 

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Published

2021-08-23

How to Cite

1.
Yıldız M, Tanimowo A, Tayyeb M, YILDIRIM MS, Sarpdağı Y, AYDIN MA, Khadka RB, Gohain A, Uddin A, Majumder S, Maggoon U, OKYAR G. Determining the Homophobia Level of Individuals in Different Countries: A Case Study of Community in Turkey, Nigeria, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Aegean J Obstet Gynecol [Internet]. 2021 Aug. 23 [cited 2021 Sep. 21];3(2):6-9. Available from: https://aejog.com/index.php/aejog/article/view/64