Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among women aged 15-49 years
Keywords:Premenstrual Syndrome, Premenstrual Tension, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Premenstrual Dysphoric Syndrome
Objective: Approximately 80% of women in reproductive age experience some premenstrual phase-related changes in the menstrual cycle. We aimed to determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptom frequency among women aged 15-49 years in a family practice catchment area.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the women registered to a family practice center in İzmir Bayraklı. Out of 522 women at the age of 15-49 years, 198 participants filled the Premenstrual Assessment Form (PAF) and answered demographic questions. The main outcome measures were the presence of “premenstrual symptoms” and “premenstrual syndrome”.
Results: The mean age, waist circumference and BMI of the women were 29.3±9.1 years, 80.4±13.2 cm and 25.2±5.1 kg/m2, respectively. Of the participants, 68.2% (n=131) were single and 60.4% (n=116) were housewives. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) was present in all the women involved in the study. Of these, 3.6% were evaluated as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). None of the independent variables in the study revealed as risk factors for PMDD (p>0.05). Mean PAF scores were 2.22±0.90. There was no correlation between PAF scores and the studied variables except for waist circumference (r = -0.17; p = 0.02). The sociodemographic variables were not related with PMS (p> 0.05).
Conclusions: Training and counseling on the causes and symptoms of PMS should be provided to women, particularly in primary health care facilities, and in-service trainings should be conducted to provide information to the staff working in family practice centers.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Selami Doğan, Nuray Doğan, Tevfik Tanju Yılmazer, Kurtuluş Öngel
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