Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among women aged 15-49 years


  • Selami Doğan Department of Family Medicine, Family Practice Center No:4, Bayraklı, İzmir, Turkey,
  • Nuray Doğan Department of Family medicine, Manisa Yunus Emre Muradiye Family Health Center No:47, Manisa, Turkey,
  • Tevfik Tanju Yılmazer Department of Family Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey,
  • Kurtuluş Öngel Department of Family Medicine, Katip Çelebi University, Atatürk Education and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey,



Premenstrual Syndrome, Premenstrual Tension, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Premenstrual Dysphoric Syndrome


Objective: Approximately 80% of women in reproductive age experience some premenstrual ‎phase-related changes in the menstrual cycle. We aimed to determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and ‎premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptom frequency among women aged 15-49 years in a family practice catchment area.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the women registered to a family practice center in İzmir Bayraklı. Out of 522 women at the age of 15-49 years, 198 participants filled the Premenstrual Assessment Form (PAF) and answered demographic questions. The main outcome measures were the presence of “premenstrual ‎symptoms” and “premenstrual syndrome”.

Results: The mean age, waist circumference and BMI of the women were 29.3±9.1 years, 80.4±13.2 ‎cm and 25.2±5.1 kg/m2, respectively. Of the participants, 68.2% (n=131) were single and 60.4% ‎‎ (n=116) were housewives. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) was present in all the women involved in the study. Of ‎these, 3.6% were evaluated as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). None of the ‎independent variables in the study revealed as risk factors for PMDD (p>0.05). Mean PAF scores were ‎2.22±0.90‎. There was no correlation between PAF scores and the studied variables except for waist ‎circumference (r = -0.17; p = 0.02). The sociodemographic variables ‎were not related with PMS (p> 0.05).‎

Conclusions: Training and counseling on the causes and ‎symptoms of PMS should be provided to women, particularly in primary health care facilities, and in-service trainings should be ‎conducted to provide information to the staff working in family practice centers.‎




How to Cite

Doğan S, Doğan N, Yılmazer TT, Öngel K. Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among women aged 15-49 years. Aegean J Obstet Gynecol [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 20 [cited 2023 Dec. 4];2(3):48-52. Available from: