The effect of anti-phospholipid syndrome on pregnancy outcomes in patients with habitual abortus
Keywords:antiphospholipid syndrome, pregnancy complication, pregnancy outcome
Objective: The aim of this study was to research the pregnancy outcomes of women with anti-beta2 glycoprotein 1 and anti-cardiolipin antibody positivity and to determine the association with pregnancy morbidity.
Materials and methods: This retrospective study contained pregnant women with anti-beta2 glycoprotein 1 and anti-cardiolipin antibody positivity and a control group without these antibodies. Totally 190 serum samples sent from Obstetrics and Gynecology clinics between January 2019 and January 2023 were analyzed in the medical microbiology laboratory of xx.
Results: In a patient population separated into antibody-positive and antibody-negative groups, the gravida was found to be 3.8±0.1 and 3.5±0.3 respectively (p=0.333). Parity was 1.1±0.1 and 0.8±0.1 (p=0.071), abortion rates were 2.3±0.1 and 2.5±0.2 (p=0.659), and gestational age was 35.7±0.8 and 34±1.5 (p=0.047). Intrauterine fetal death was found to be higher in the antibody-positive group compared to the antibody-negative group (p=0.03). There was no noteworthy distinction noted between the two groups regarding additional pregnancy complications such as intrauterine growth restriction, oligohydramnios, gestational diabetes, and gestational hypertension (respectively p=0.623, 0.074, 0.312, 0.626). However, smoking was significantly higher in the antibody-positive group (p=0.049).
Conclusion: Antiphospholipid syndrome adversely affects pregnancy outcomes. During the initial visit, a thorough patient history should be obtained, and in pregnant women with a history of poor obstetric outcomes or habitual abortions, this syndrome should be considered.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Alper Togay, Duygu Tekin , Mehmet Özer, Özden Sıla Kılınç Gönüllü
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